What is involved in Economies of Scale
Find out what the related areas are that Economies of Scale connects with, associates with, correlates with or affects, and which require thought, deliberation, analysis, review and discussion. This unique checklist stands out in a sense that it is not per-se designed to give answers, but to engage the reader and lay out a Economies of Scale thinking-frame.
How far is your company on its Economies of Scale journey?
Take this short survey to gauge your organization’s progress toward Economies of Scale leadership. Learn your strongest and weakest areas, and what you can do now to create a strategy that delivers results.
To address the criteria in this checklist for your organization, extensive selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information.
Start the Checklist
Below you will find a quick checklist designed to help you think about which Economies of Scale related domains to cover and 158 essential critical questions to check off in that domain.
The following domains are covered:
Economies of Scale, Ideal firm size, National Diet Library, Opportunity cost, Industrial organization, Cost–benefit analysis, Economic profit, Economies of density, Square-cube law, Income–consumption curve, Mass production, Homogeneous function, Natural monopoly, Economic equilibrium, Game theory, Production set, Ragnar Frisch, General equilibrium theory, Network effect, Cost curve, Experimental economics, Statistical decision theory, Risk aversion, Convexity in economics, Business economics, Economies of scope, Mathematical economics, Consumer choice, Marginal cost, Deadweight loss, Process steam, Intertemporal choice, Pulp and paper industry, Social choice theory, Sunk costs, Market structure, Bilateral monopoly, Theory of the firm, Media market, Budget set, Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Fixed cost, Economic shortage, Toyota Production System, Labor economics, Indifference curve, Economies of Scale, Market failure, The New Palgrave, Supply and demand, Variable cost, Family economics, Mathematical optimization, Public good, Expected utility hypothesis, Perfect competition, Information economics, Behavioral economics, Social Science Research Network, Managerial economics, Returns to scale, Integrated Authority File:
Economies of Scale Critical Criteria:
Analyze Economies of Scale strategies and overcome Economies of Scale skills and management ineffectiveness.
– What sources do you use to gather information for a Economies of Scale study?
Ideal firm size Critical Criteria:
Boost Ideal firm size outcomes and adjust implementation of Ideal firm size.
– Is maximizing Economies of Scale protection the same as minimizing Economies of Scale loss?
– Do you monitor the effectiveness of your Economies of Scale activities?
– Who needs to know about Economies of Scale ?
National Diet Library Critical Criteria:
Experiment with National Diet Library visions and remodel and develop an effective National Diet Library strategy.
– What is the total cost related to deploying Economies of Scale, including any consulting or professional services?
– How does the organization define, manage, and improve its Economies of Scale processes?
Opportunity cost Critical Criteria:
Huddle over Opportunity cost strategies and document what potential Opportunity cost megatrends could make our business model obsolete.
– What is the opportunity cost of providing staff with the potential to learn new technologies or increase their expertise?
– What vendors make products that address the Economies of Scale needs?
– Is there any existing Economies of Scale governance structure?
– What are the opportunity costs for conducting the program?
Industrial organization Critical Criteria:
Mine Industrial organization governance and oversee Industrial organization requirements.
– Does Economies of Scale include applications and information with regulatory compliance significance (or other contractual conditions that must be formally complied with) in a new or unique manner for which no approved security requirements, templates or design models exist?
– How do you incorporate cycle time, productivity, cost control, and other efficiency and effectiveness factors into these Economies of Scale processes?
– How do we Improve Economies of Scale service perception, and satisfaction?
Cost–benefit analysis Critical Criteria:
Dissect Cost–benefit analysis results and tour deciding if Cost–benefit analysis progress is made.
– Where do ideas that reach policy makers and planners as proposals for Economies of Scale strengthening and reform actually originate?
– Will Economies of Scale deliverables need to be tested and, if so, by whom?
Economic profit Critical Criteria:
Closely inspect Economic profit goals and frame using storytelling to create more compelling Economic profit projects.
– Will new equipment/products be required to facilitate Economies of Scale delivery for example is new software needed?
– Are there Economies of Scale problems defined?
– What is our Economies of Scale Strategy?
Economies of density Critical Criteria:
Give examples of Economies of density planning and explain and analyze the challenges of Economies of density.
– Are there any disadvantages to implementing Economies of Scale? There might be some that are less obvious?
– Is Economies of Scale dependent on the successful delivery of a current project?
Square-cube law Critical Criteria:
Rank Square-cube law management and drive action.
– Which customers cant participate in our Economies of Scale domain because they lack skills, wealth, or convenient access to existing solutions?
– What are your most important goals for the strategic Economies of Scale objectives?
Income–consumption curve Critical Criteria:
Apply Income–consumption curve results and balance specific methods for improving Income–consumption curve results.
– A compounding model resolution with available relevant data can often provide insight towards a solution methodology; which Economies of Scale models, tools and techniques are necessary?
– In a project to restructure Economies of Scale outcomes, which stakeholders would you involve?
– Is Economies of Scale Realistic, or are you setting yourself up for failure?
Mass production Critical Criteria:
Set goals for Mass production quality and find answers.
– What is our formula for success in Economies of Scale ?
– How would one define Economies of Scale leadership?
– How can we improve Economies of Scale?
Homogeneous function Critical Criteria:
Adapt Homogeneous function decisions and develop and take control of the Homogeneous function initiative.
– What other jobs or tasks affect the performance of the steps in the Economies of Scale process?
– Are we Assessing Economies of Scale and Risk?
Natural monopoly Critical Criteria:
Air ideas re Natural monopoly governance and figure out ways to motivate other Natural monopoly users.
– Who are the people involved in developing and implementing Economies of Scale?
– How do we Lead with Economies of Scale in Mind?
Economic equilibrium Critical Criteria:
Align Economic equilibrium results and get answers.
– Will Economies of Scale have an impact on current business continuity, disaster recovery processes and/or infrastructure?
– How will we insure seamless interoperability of Economies of Scale moving forward?
– Does Economies of Scale appropriately measure and monitor risk?
Game theory Critical Criteria:
Examine Game theory quality and spearhead techniques for implementing Game theory.
– What are the key elements of your Economies of Scale performance improvement system, including your evaluation, organizational learning, and innovation processes?
– Are accountability and ownership for Economies of Scale clearly defined?
Production set Critical Criteria:
Exchange ideas about Production set leadership and pioneer acquisition of Production set systems.
– What prevents me from making the changes I know will make me a more effective Economies of Scale leader?
– What is the source of the strategies for Economies of Scale strengthening and reform?
– What are the usability implications of Economies of Scale actions?
Ragnar Frisch Critical Criteria:
Have a meeting on Ragnar Frisch projects and suggest using storytelling to create more compelling Ragnar Frisch projects.
– Who sets the Economies of Scale standards?
– What are our Economies of Scale Processes?
General equilibrium theory Critical Criteria:
Graph General equilibrium theory adoptions and probe using an integrated framework to make sure General equilibrium theory is getting what it needs.
– What are your results for key measures or indicators of the accomplishment of your Economies of Scale strategy and action plans, including building and strengthening core competencies?
– Meeting the challenge: are missed Economies of Scale opportunities costing us money?
– What are the Essentials of Internal Economies of Scale Management?
Network effect Critical Criteria:
Mine Network effect quality and find out what it really means.
– Who will be responsible for making the decisions to include or exclude requested changes once Economies of Scale is underway?
– How do we keep improving Economies of Scale?
– Are there Economies of Scale Models?
Cost curve Critical Criteria:
Accumulate Cost curve goals and report on setting up Cost curve without losing ground.
– What are your key performance measures or indicators and in-process measures for the control and improvement of your Economies of Scale processes?
Experimental economics Critical Criteria:
Do a round table on Experimental economics risks and shift your focus.
– In what ways are Economies of Scale vendors and us interacting to ensure safe and effective use?
– Are we making progress? and are we making progress as Economies of Scale leaders?
Statistical decision theory Critical Criteria:
Categorize Statistical decision theory leadership and figure out ways to motivate other Statistical decision theory users.
– What new services of functionality will be implemented next with Economies of Scale ?
– Do Economies of Scale rules make a reasonable demand on a users capabilities?
– How do we manage Economies of Scale Knowledge Management (KM)?
Risk aversion Critical Criteria:
Debate over Risk aversion management and diversify disclosure of information – dealing with confidential Risk aversion information.
– In the case of a Economies of Scale project, the criteria for the audit derive from implementation objectives. an audit of a Economies of Scale project involves assessing whether the recommendations outlined for implementation have been met. in other words, can we track that any Economies of Scale project is implemented as planned, and is it working?
– Why is it important to have senior management support for a Economies of Scale project?
Convexity in economics Critical Criteria:
Think carefully about Convexity in economics leadership and don’t overlook the obvious.
– How do we go about Comparing Economies of Scale approaches/solutions?
Business economics Critical Criteria:
Recall Business economics tactics and ask what if.
– Think about the people you identified for your Economies of Scale project and the project responsibilities you would assign to them. what kind of training do you think they would need to perform these responsibilities effectively?
– Do we cover the five essential competencies-Communication, Collaboration,Innovation, Adaptability, and Leadership that improve an organizations ability to leverage the new Economies of Scale in a volatile global economy?
Economies of scope Critical Criteria:
Disseminate Economies of scope outcomes and spearhead techniques for implementing Economies of scope.
– Who is the main stakeholder, with ultimate responsibility for driving Economies of Scale forward?
Mathematical economics Critical Criteria:
Mix Mathematical economics decisions and catalog what business benefits will Mathematical economics goals deliver if achieved.
– What other organizational variables, such as reward systems or communication systems, affect the performance of this Economies of Scale process?
– How do we make it meaningful in connecting Economies of Scale with what users do day-to-day?
Consumer choice Critical Criteria:
Mix Consumer choice outcomes and do something to it.
– Are there any easy-to-implement alternatives to Economies of Scale? Sometimes other solutions are available that do not require the cost implications of a full-blown project?
– Why is Economies of Scale important for you now?
– What is Effective Economies of Scale?
Marginal cost Critical Criteria:
Bootstrap Marginal cost strategies and correct Marginal cost management by competencies.
– Is there a Economies of Scale Communication plan covering who needs to get what information when?
– How likely is the current Economies of Scale plan to come in on schedule or on budget?
Deadweight loss Critical Criteria:
Wrangle Deadweight loss results and assess and formulate effective operational and Deadweight loss strategies.
Process steam Critical Criteria:
Extrapolate Process steam risks and separate what are the business goals Process steam is aiming to achieve.
– What potential environmental factors impact the Economies of Scale effort?
– How can you measure Economies of Scale in a systematic way?
Intertemporal choice Critical Criteria:
Grade Intertemporal choice outcomes and acquire concise Intertemporal choice education.
– Who will be responsible for deciding whether Economies of Scale goes ahead or not after the initial investigations?
Pulp and paper industry Critical Criteria:
Nurse Pulp and paper industry outcomes and pioneer acquisition of Pulp and paper industry systems.
– Does Economies of Scale analysis show the relationships among important Economies of Scale factors?
Social choice theory Critical Criteria:
Scan Social choice theory outcomes and question.
– Are there recognized Economies of Scale problems?
Sunk costs Critical Criteria:
Chat re Sunk costs governance and correct better engagement with Sunk costs results.
– Does Economies of Scale systematically track and analyze outcomes for accountability and quality improvement?
– Are assumptions made in Economies of Scale stated explicitly?
– Should sunk costs be included when estimating cash flows?
Market structure Critical Criteria:
Deliberate Market structure risks and pay attention to the small things.
– Can we add value to the current Economies of Scale decision-making process (largely qualitative) by incorporating uncertainty modeling (more quantitative)?
– Do we all define Economies of Scale in the same way?
– What are the implications for market structure?
– How do we go about Securing Economies of Scale?
Bilateral monopoly Critical Criteria:
Adapt Bilateral monopoly risks and diversify disclosure of information – dealing with confidential Bilateral monopoly information.
– For your Economies of Scale project, identify and describe the business environment. is there more than one layer to the business environment?
– What knowledge, skills and characteristics mark a good Economies of Scale project manager?
Theory of the firm Critical Criteria:
Learn from Theory of the firm management and integrate design thinking in Theory of the firm innovation.
– what is the best design framework for Economies of Scale organization now that, in a post industrial-age if the top-down, command and control model is no longer relevant?
Media market Critical Criteria:
Have a meeting on Media market outcomes and slay a dragon.
– What are the success criteria that will indicate that Economies of Scale objectives have been met and the benefits delivered?
– Does the Economies of Scale task fit the clients priorities?
Budget set Critical Criteria:
Accommodate Budget set strategies and point out improvements in Budget set.
– What is the purpose of Economies of Scale in relation to the mission?
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 Critical Criteria:
Steer Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 leadership and correct Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 management by competencies.
Fixed cost Critical Criteria:
Scrutinze Fixed cost tasks and look for lots of ideas.
– How do mission and objectives affect the Economies of Scale processes of our organization?
Economic shortage Critical Criteria:
Boost Economic shortage decisions and acquire concise Economic shortage education.
– What threat is Economies of Scale addressing?
– Why are Economies of Scale skills important?
Toyota Production System Critical Criteria:
Revitalize Toyota Production System engagements and adjust implementation of Toyota Production System.
– At what point will vulnerability assessments be performed once Economies of Scale is put into production (e.g., ongoing Risk Management after implementation)?
Labor economics Critical Criteria:
Think carefully about Labor economics adoptions and tour deciding if Labor economics progress is made.
Indifference curve Critical Criteria:
Concentrate on Indifference curve strategies and proactively manage Indifference curve risks.
– Do those selected for the Economies of Scale team have a good general understanding of what Economies of Scale is all about?
– Have you identified your Economies of Scale key performance indicators?
– Why should we adopt a Economies of Scale framework?
Economies of Scale Critical Criteria:
Gauge Economies of Scale failures and devise Economies of Scale key steps.
– Does Economies of Scale create potential expectations in other areas that need to be recognized and considered?
Market failure Critical Criteria:
Read up on Market failure strategies and assess what counts with Market failure that we are not counting.
– What are current Economies of Scale Paradigms?
The New Palgrave Critical Criteria:
Do a round table on The New Palgrave tactics and slay a dragon.
– To what extent does management recognize Economies of Scale as a tool to increase the results?
– Does our organization need more Economies of Scale education?
Supply and demand Critical Criteria:
Add value to Supply and demand issues and report on the economics of relationships managing Supply and demand and constraints.
– How do we Identify specific Economies of Scale investment and emerging trends?
Variable cost Critical Criteria:
Value Variable cost management and inform on and uncover unspoken needs and breakthrough Variable cost results.
Family economics Critical Criteria:
Inquire about Family economics quality and prioritize challenges of Family economics.
– What are the record-keeping requirements of Economies of Scale activities?
Mathematical optimization Critical Criteria:
Confer re Mathematical optimization leadership and get answers.
– Can we do Economies of Scale without complex (expensive) analysis?
Public good Critical Criteria:
Differentiate Public good visions and report on developing an effective Public good strategy.
– Does Economies of Scale analysis isolate the fundamental causes of problems?
Expected utility hypothesis Critical Criteria:
Learn from Expected utility hypothesis results and define what do we need to start doing with Expected utility hypothesis.
– How do we measure improved Economies of Scale service perception, and satisfaction?
Perfect competition Critical Criteria:
Depict Perfect competition tactics and reinforce and communicate particularly sensitive Perfect competition decisions.
– Do we have past Economies of Scale Successes?
– How to Secure Economies of Scale?
Information economics Critical Criteria:
See the value of Information economics projects and sort Information economics activities.
– What are the top 3 things at the forefront of our Economies of Scale agendas for the next 3 years?
– What are the long-term Economies of Scale goals?
Behavioral economics Critical Criteria:
Discourse Behavioral economics goals and clarify ways to gain access to competitive Behavioral economics services.
– What tools and technologies are needed for a custom Economies of Scale project?
Social Science Research Network Critical Criteria:
Do a round table on Social Science Research Network decisions and use obstacles to break out of ruts.
– What are the barriers to increased Economies of Scale production?
Managerial economics Critical Criteria:
Focus on Managerial economics issues and point out improvements in Managerial economics.
– What will be the consequences to the business (financial, reputation etc) if Economies of Scale does not go ahead or fails to deliver the objectives?
Returns to scale Critical Criteria:
Review Returns to scale visions and report on setting up Returns to scale without losing ground.
Integrated Authority File Critical Criteria:
Read up on Integrated Authority File risks and learn.
– Record-keeping requirements flow from the records needed as inputs, outputs, controls and for transformation of a Economies of Scale process. ask yourself: are the records needed as inputs to the Economies of Scale process available?
This quick readiness checklist is a selected resource to help you move forward. Learn more about how to achieve comprehensive insights with the Economies of Scale Self Assessment:
Author: Gerard Blokdijk
CEO at The Art of Service | theartofservice.com
Gerard is the CEO at The Art of Service. He has been providing information technology insights, talks, tools and products to organizations in a wide range of industries for over 25 years. Gerard is a widely recognized and respected information expert. Gerard founded The Art of Service consulting business in 2000. Gerard has authored numerous published books to date.
To address the criteria in this checklist, these selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information:
Economies of Scale External links:
James Hamilton on cloud economies of scale – CNET
Economies Of Scale – Investopedia
Economies of Scale: Definition, Types – The Balance
Ideal firm size External links:
What is the ideal firm size for your business? | Vulkan Forge
National Diet Library External links:
National Diet Library law. (Book, 1961) [WorldCat.org]
Online Gallery | National Diet Library
Opportunity cost External links:
“StartUp” Opportunity Cost (TV Episode 2017) – IMDb
Opportunity Cost Flashcards | Quizlet
Opportunity Cost – examples, advantages, school, business
Industrial organization External links:
[PDF]Industrial Organization Manual – courses.cit.cornell.edu
Industrial Organization – Investopedia
Industrial Organization Definition | Investopedia
Economic profit External links:
Economic Profit and Costs- ACDC Econ – Micro 3.6 – YouTube
Economic Profit (Or Loss) Definition | Investopedia
What is Economic Profit? definition and meaning
Economies of density External links:
The Diffusion of Wal-Mart and Economies of Density – …
Square-cube law External links:
Small is Mighty: the Square-Cube Law – YouTube
Square-Cube Law and Human Height – Tall.Life
Mass production External links:
Mass production. (Book, 2009) [WorldCat.org]
Mass Production – Firecracker!! – YouTube
[PPT]MASS PRODUCTION – Kişisel Sayfalar – deu.edu.tr
Homogeneous function External links:
Homogeneous function – Encyclopedia of Mathematics
Determine if a Function is a Homogeneous Function – …
Natural monopoly External links:
What is example of natural monopoly? | Nature – Quora
What are some of the benefits of a natural monopoly? …
Economic equilibrium External links:
What’s in a Job Title | Economic Equilibrium | Employment
Economic equilibrium and growth (Book, 1975) …
Game theory External links:
Game Theory (TV Series 2011– ) – IMDb
Game theory – IS Theory
Ragnar Frisch External links:
Ragnar Frisch – The Mathematics Genealogy Project
General equilibrium theory External links:
Classical General Equilibrium Theory | The MIT Press
General Equilibrium Theory – Investopedia
Network effect External links:
Ideator: Innovation Team | The Network Effect
Cost curve External links:
Why does the marginal cost curve slope upwards? – Quora
[PDF]BENDING THE COST CURVE – Member | SOA
[XLS]Project Cumulative Cost Curve – Dollars – CVR/IT
Experimental economics External links:
Experimental economics (eBook, 1994) [WorldCat.org]
Experimental Economics Replication Project
“Experimental Economics” by Elizabeth Hoffman
Statistical decision theory External links:
ERIC – From Statistical Decision Theory to Practice: …
ERIC – FUNDAMENTALS OF STATISTICAL DECISION THEORY…
Risk aversion External links:
Risk aversion financial definition of risk aversion
Financial Institution Complete Risk Aversion Solutions
Title: Risk aversion as an evolutionary adaptation – arXiv
Business economics External links:
Business economics. (Journal, magazine, 1965) …
Small Business Economics on JSTOR
Business Economics Careers | Ashford University
Economies of scope External links:
What Is Meant By Economies Of Scope? – YouTube
Economies of Scope – Investopedia
Mathematical economics External links:
Mathematical Economics – AbeBooks
[PPT]Mathematical Economics – UITS – University of …
Journal of Mathematical Economics – Official Site
Consumer choice External links:
Consumer Choice Center
Consumer Choice Plans – Blue Cross Blue Shield of Texas
Welcome! To Consumer Choice Marketing.
Marginal cost External links:
[PDF]Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) …
Deadweight loss External links:
How to calculate deadweight loss – YouTube
Deadweight Loss Of Taxation – Investopedia
Deadweight Loss Flashcards | Quizlet
Process steam External links:
[PDF]PROCESS STEAM TRAP AUDIT PROGRAM – …
Process Steam | Definition of Process Steam by Merriam-Webster
Pressure Reducing Valves for Process Steam (with Built …
Intertemporal choice External links:
Reference-dependence in intertemporal choice — ISDM
Time Horizons, Discounting, and Intertemporal Choice – …
Social choice theory External links:
[PDF]FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIAL CHOICE THEORY
Sunk costs External links:
Sunk Costs Chap 8 Flashcards | Quizlet
Examples of Sunk Costs in the Workplace | Chron.com
What are sunk costs? – Updated 2017 – Quora
Market structure External links:
Market structure. (Book, 1944) [WorldCat.org]
Free market structure Essays and Papers – 123HelpMe
Bilateral monopoly External links:
Bilateral Monopoly – Merriam-Webster
Bilateral Monopoly – Investopedia
Theory of the firm External links:
Theory of the firm (Book, 1975) [WorldCat.org]
[DOC]Theory of the Firm – USI
www.usi.edu/business/cashel/308/Theory of the Firm1.doc
Media market External links:
Sacramento Media Market News
Media Market – Home | Facebook
SUPER MEDIA MARKET スーパーメディアマーケット婦 …
Budget set External links:
Budget Set Go – Home | Facebook
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 External links:
Economic and philosophic manuscripts of 1844 – JH …
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 – SparkNotes
Fixed cost External links:
Fixed Cost – Investopedia
Toyota Production System External links:
Toyota Production System Support Center, Inc. (TSSC)
Lean Six Sigma and the Toyota Production System
The Toyota Production System – YouTube
Labor economics External links:
The Fed – Labor Economics – United States dollar
Labor Economics: An Austrian Perspective | Mises Institute
Modern Labor Economics: Theory and Public Policy
Indifference curve External links:
Episode 19: Indifference Curve Analysis – YouTube
8. An Example of Indifference Curve Analysis – YouTube
Definition of ‘Indifference Curve’ – The Economic Times
Economies of Scale External links:
James Hamilton on cloud economies of scale – CNET
Long-run Average Total Cost and Economies of Scale – …
Economies Of Scale – Investopedia
Market failure External links:
What are the main causes of market failure? – Updated – Quora
ERIC – Unemployment as Market Failure., Economics, 1992
Market Failure Flashcards | Quizlet
The New Palgrave External links:
[PDF]The New Palgrave – dsems.unile.it
www.dsems.unile.it/upload/sub/about the Department/Viti de Marco.pdf
The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online: Articles A-Z
The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online: Help
Supply and demand External links:
Nursing: Supply and Demand through 2020 – CEW Georgetown
Supply and Demand – BrainPOP
supply and demand Flashcards | Quizlet
Variable cost External links:
[XLS]Variable Cost of Production – montana.edu
Fixed vs. variable cost Essays
Mathematical optimization External links:
Mathematical optimization — NYU Scholars
Title: Mathematical optimization for packing problems – …
Public good External links:
Xavier University – Private Interests and Public Good
Expert Insights for the Public Good | JPMorgan Chase …
Expected utility hypothesis External links:
Expected Utility Hypothesis | Utility | Risk Aversion
Perfect competition External links:
Ch. 23: Perfect Competition Flashcards | Quizlet
Perfect competition | Economics Help
Profit Maximization – Perfect Competition
Information economics External links:
Applied Information Economics | Economic Value
Information Economics Academy | Iron Mountain
Training in Applied Information Economics
Behavioral economics External links:
Wellth: Better Patient Outcomes with Behavioral Economics
Behavioral Economics Consulting & Incentives — VAL Health
Social Science Research Network External links:
Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
SSRN: Social Science Research Network – University of …
Managerial economics External links:
Managerial economics (eBook, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
Managerial economics (Book, 1996) [WorldCat.org]
Returns to scale External links:
Returns to Scale – ThoughtCo
Returns to Scale – YouTube
Integrated Authority File External links:
MEDLARS indexing: integrated authority file